Blog

The 5 processing steps: from olive to extra virgin olive oil

Oil Production and Phases of Villa Campestri Olive Oil Resort

Olive oil is a key product of the Mediterranean diet, characterized by great versatility and numerous beneficial properties. Let’s find out together what are the 5 steps for the production of the olive oil!

How to cultivate the olive tree to extract an excellent extra virgin olive oil

The cultivation of the olive tree is an ancient activity that requires great passion and a lot of dedication.

It includes some processing phases that are repeated every olive-growing season: fertilization, pruning, defense, harvesting. These phases are very important for obtaining an excellent quality olive oil.

In ancient times the principle of oil extraction was based on the compression rupture of the drupes in stone mortars or crucibles obtained in the rock.

But as early as the 4th century BC the use of rotating wheels characterized by stone and wheel bases, with a wooden axis inserted in the center to allow movement by humans or animals, has begun.

The processing of the olives in order to extract the oil, consists essentially in breaking the tissues of the fruit, turning it into a paste, to make the juice or oily must come out. The solid residue that is obtained is called “sansa” and can be subjected to further chemical extraction.

The 5 steps for the production of olive oil

Olive Oil production is mainly divided into 5 phases.

Collection

Harvesting is one of the most delicate and decisive steps to obtain an excellent quality olive oil.
Generally it is facilitated with the use of nets lying on the ground under the plants that allow to easily collect the fallen product or facilitated by any mechanical equipment.

Washing and pressing

After harvesting the olives are weighed and subjected to an abundant washing in water. This process is carried out with a special washing machine with a constant flow of water that invests the olives.

The crushing system of the milled olives is the most ancient instrument, conceptually derived from the millstones used since the Hellenic age. Today, however, many mills use the most modern hammer crushers, which break the olives by pushing them violently against a metal grid.

Kneading

After pressing the olive paste is subjected to the kneading operation which consists of a continuous and slow mixing of the dough.

The kneading phase is an essential moment for the subsequent extraction of the oil from the olive paste. In fact, the kneading allows the olive paste to reach the optimal temperature in which the natural enzymes present are able to fully activate.

Extraction

The extraction phase consists in the separation of the oil from the solid fraction.

This phase can be performed for:

  • Pressure;
  • Centrifugation;
  • Percolation.

Separation

In this final phase we proceed to separate the olive oil from the water thanks to the centrifugal force.

Here at Villa Campestri we produce an excellent quality olive oil that comes from a centuries-old olive tree, from olives processed in the family’s oil mill on the day of the harvest.
To find out more about the 5 phases of oil production, we are waiting for you at Villa Campestri, the first Olive Oil Resort in the world!

Quick Booking


  • Data di Arrivo:

  • Notti:

  • Camere:

  • Adulti:

  • Bambini:

Easy Guide on how to prepare homemade ice cream

To testify how much ice cream is loved is enough to say that there are over 37,000 ice cream parlors in Italy. Everyone loves it and everyone wants it. Here is an easy guide on how to prepare homemade ice cream!

The best cooking classes for beginners near Florence

Florence is famous throughout the world for its art and its culture, but without a doubt also for its cuisine. Simple and genuine but at the same time refined and rich of flavors. Discover with us what are the best cooking classes for beginners near Florence!

The 10 things to see in Fiesole in one day

The magic of Fiesole has been told over the centuries by painters, writers, poets and artists of all kinds. Even today this pretty Tuscan town enchants every tourist. Don’t wait any longer, discover with us the 10 things to see in Fiesole in one day!

Mugello Agricultural Fair 2019: all the info on the 39th edition

Zootechnical exhibitions, conferences and excellent catering. Discover with us all the news and the info on the Mugello Agricultural Fair 2019!

How to relax on vacation: relaxation guide

If you need to disconnect with the frenzy of everyday life the best advice is to organize a short stay, even of only two or three days, to devote exclusively to you and your loved ones. Discover how to relax on vacation with our relaxation guide!

Barberino Sale 2019: here’s when the summer sales start!

The sales season at the Barberino del Mugello Outlet are about to start, and just like the rest of all the shops in Tuscany are getting ready to meet customer expectations. Discover the Barberino 2019 sales with us!

The secrets of Tuscan potato ravioli

In Tuscany there are so many typical dishes and all are really delicious. But the potato ravioli all agree with their unique taste! Discover with us the secrets of the Tuscan potato ravioli and the recipe of the Tortelli Mugellani!

The 10 things to see in Calenzano

Tuscany is a land rich in ancient villages of incredible beauty and charm. For example, a few kilometers from Florence rises Calenzano, a town rich of ancient treasures. Discover with us what are the 10 things to see in Calenzano!