Located in the heart of Tuscany, Florence is one of the most beautiful and visited cities in the world. The cradle of the Renaissance still today hosts the masterpieces of great Renaissance artists who worked and lived in Florence.
The Renaissance was a great artistic, literary, scientific and philosophical season inaugurated at the beginning of the fifteenth century and lasted about two hundred years. The term is of nineteenth-century origin but refers to the concept, already expressed by the sixteenth-century scholar Giorgio Vasari, of “rebirth of the arts”, re-flowering after the alleged cultural decadence of the Middle Ages.
For the development of the decisive Renaissance was the study of classical art, many Florentine artists, in fact, went to Rome to study the ancient statues and monuments, reinterpreting them with a new spirit.
The rules of classical art, such as the search for harmony, balance, simplicity and beauty, were taken by the artists of the time, as they were considered suitable for expressing the modern Renaissance contents linked to man and reality.
In the fifteenth century, at the height of the Renaissance, Florence reached its maximum moment, thanks to the concentration of extraordinary and brilliant personalities.
Among the great Renaissance artists who lived in Florence who made the Renaissance season possible, it is important to remember Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Battista Alberti in architecture and Fra Angelico in painting.
Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) has always been considered the “father of the Renaissance“.
He began his career as a sculptor, participating in the 1401 competition for the second door of the Baptistery of Florence: an event that marked the beginning of the Renaissance adventure. Later he decided to move to Rome to study ancient architecture.
Brunelleschi definitively left Rome by 1418, to return to Florence. In fact, in his city, the competition for the dome of the Duomo was announced, to which Filippo participated winning it.
The dome is still today considered its absolute masterpiece, so much to be remembered by everyone as the Brunelleschi’s Dome.
Leon Battista Alberti
Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472) was one of the most important figures of Renaissance intellectual architect.
He was a man of boundless culture, capable of passing, without apparent effort, from literary studies to philosophical or philological and artistic studies.
Alberti was therefore a great artist but first of all a great theorist, able to guide the evolution of classicism from the beginning of the fifteenth century up to our days. To him we owe very important texts on art and architecture.
Beato Angelico (1400-1455), a Florentine painter, was first and foremost a monk. His name was Guido di Pietro, who entered the Dominican order after 1418 and chose to be called Fra ‘Giovanni. But today it is known, in fact, as Beato Angelico.
Fra Angelico used painting to tell, through images, the experience of his intimate relationship with Christ. The best works of Beato Angelico were made, between 1438 and 1447, in the Convent of San Marco in Florence.
The painter Beato Angelico was born in the village of Vicchio,, where we are waiting you for an incredible tour to discover the great Renaissance artists who lived in Florence!
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