We know that many writers went to “rinse their clothes in the Arno”, especially during the Risorgimento, to give all of Italy the dialect spoken by Dante, Petrarca, Boccaccio and colleagues. Basis of the Italian language, can the Tuscan dialect still be considered a dialect? And what are the curiosities related to our language? We will find out in this article.
In general, the Tuscan dialect does not have major differences with Italian because it was the basis of our language due to an explicit cultural and political choice. However, there are some differences, which give life to the various vernacular languages such as the Florentine, or the vernacular spoken in Lucca, Pisa, Livorno or Arezzo.
A predominantly Tuscan characteristic, which has been lost in Italian, is that of making occlusive consonants such as C.
When does this aspiration happen? Generally when the consonant C is a hard sound (as in “casa”) and not a soft sound (as in “ciliegia”); especially then if it is found at the beginning and within the word and is preceded by a vowel or followed by A, O, U.
If the C is preceded by vowels that act as prepositions or conjunctions or if they are accented, there is no aspiration.
It is not aspired, precisely when it has a sweet sound, because it is followed by E and I. Finally, the C does not disappear if preceded by a consonant or if it doubles.
In Florentine both the consonant T and V very frequently disappear when they are in an intervocalic position: therefore in Italian gone it becomes “anda’o” and table becomes “ta’ola”. The monosyllable “Schi” is often transformed into “sti”, from which derive mastio (for male), stioccare (for smacking), mustio (for musk), stiaccia’a (for schiacciata bread).
Compound pronouns such as glielo, gliela, gliele, become gnélo, gnéla, gnele especially if preceded by a verb: fàgnene, dìgnene …
Other Tuscanisms that have not passed into Italian are the use of “te” instead of “tu”.
Also the very common doubling of the dative personal pronoun (“a me mi piace”, “a te ti piace”) and “noi si” (“si va a mangiare, noi si va là”) instead of the first person plural are Tuscan origin.
As for the possessive adjectives, “Mine, mine, mine and mine” become mi’; instead yours, yours, yours, yours become tu’; and finally his turn su’.
To do and to go, in the first person singular of the present indicative they become “fo” and “vo”. The infinitive of verbs, which in Italian ends with “-re”, is truncated in Tuscan: go – andà; pèrdere – pèrde and so on.
If you are curious and want to immerse yourself in the Tuscan language, we are waiting for you at Villa Campestri Olive Oil Resort, for a stay a few kilometers from Florence.
The beauty of the landscapes and villages of Tuscany has captivated the world of cinema, which has chosen these places as settings for numerous films. The list of films shot in Tuscany is extremely long, and many of them stand out as perfect backdrops for unforgettable stories. We have selected a few that you shouldn’t […]
Tripe and Lampredotto are two very special Italian culinary specialties as they come from bovine offal. Both are part of the Tuscan gastronomic tradition but Lampredotto, a true institution, is the master in Florence. Let’s see together what Tripe and Lampredotto are and what are the best recipes for cooking them.
San Lorenzo is one of the most characteristic and typical neighborhoods in Florence, located in a central area of the city, between the Cathedral and the Fortezza da Basso. Taking a walk through the ancient streets of this wonderful neighborhood can only start by visiting Piazza San Lorenzo and the Medici Chapels, and then walking […]
Tuscany is a land rich in ancient villages of incredible beauty and charm. For example, a few kilometers from Florence rises Calenzano, a town rich of ancient treasures. Discover with us what are the 10 things to see in Calenzano!
Tuscany is a region that has elevated culinary art to a higher level. With its Wine, Olive Oil, and Flavors Routes, it offers not only a unique tasting experience but also a series of itineraries that allow you to explore the enogastronomic culture of this land. In this article, we will guide you through these […]
The Potato Bread of Garfagnana is an ancient specialty from Tuscany, more precisely from the Garfagnana region and the Serchio Valley. This loaf of bread, which can weigh up to two kilograms, has a golden crust and an incredibly soft and porous interior, which remains fluffy for a long time. Here, we will take you […]
Florence, the wonderful Tuscan city, is renowned for its cultural and artistic richness. And it’s not just a fascinating place for adults, but it also offers a wide range of interactive and engaging museums for the little ones. Let’s discover together the best museums for children in Tuscany, divided by geographical areas, for an experience […]
The Pistoiese Mountain is undoubtedly an enchanting place that offers a great environmental heritage of interest. The region is a real treasure, constantly transforming, captivating with its multifaceted charm. In this article, we will take you on a journey to discover the variety and beauty of the plant and animal world of this mountain, while […]