Visiting the Mugello it is practically obligatory to make a stop in the beautiful town of Scarperia that for a long time was the only way of communication between Florence and Bologna. But what we really recommend is to have a visit to the Palazzo dei Vicari in Scarperia!
Scarperia was founded by the Florentine Republic on 7 September 1306, with the original name of “Castel San Barnaba”.
Later the name was changed to “Scarperia” for its geographical position, that is at the foot of the Apennines. The center was born as a military outpost of the Florentine Republic and as a place of control of the trans-Apennine road network, the only communication route between Florence and Bologna until the middle of the 18th century.
The first inhabitants were certainly those who resided in the numerous villages and castles scattered in the area next to Scarperia and to facilitate the population was granted to all those who had built their houses in the village, a tax exemption for ten years.
After just over a century Scarperia became the seat of the Vicariate (1415) and assumed administrative functions, delegated by the Florentine Republic.
The Palazzo dei Vicari in Scarperia was born first as a fortress, then transformed into a residence of the Vicar, a sort of mayor who ruled the town.
In Scarperia the processing and sale of knives and cutting tools characterized the productive activities and soon this craft became one of the elements of specialization and notoriety of the country.
The Palazzo dei Vicari in Scarperia is today the seat of the Municipal Administration, home to the library and a beautiful museum of cutting tools where ancient and modern knives are exhibited, which have made this small town famous over time.
The building has a rectangular body, a large internal courtyard and various representative rooms. On one corner there is a high signal tower with a clock whose original internal mechanism is attributed to the hand of Filippo Brunelleschi.
Today it is home to important cultural events, such as the exhibition the “Mugello cradle of the Renaissance”.
Mugello is a land rich in history and culture, which will not fail to surprise you. For lovers of history, the Palazzo dei Vicari in Scarperia is not the only place of interest to visit.
For example, perhaps not everyone knows that the most important examples of Romanesque marble decoration in Italy are in the Mugello area. Here are four tours that demonstrate this:
In short, history is at home in Mugello, so to visit the Palazzo dei Vicari in Scarperia and much more, we are waiting for you at Villa Campestri Olive Oil Resort!
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